170 VERDICT ON INDIA represented the realization of that ideal. "'Why then should we despair?" One has only to know the Hegelian metaphysical doctrine of State in order to visualize "the power of the spirit," which, according to an accredited leader of Indian Nationalism, saved Germany and will save India also. That mystic power is not a moral force, but brute force ia the most highly organized form. That is the political implication of the Gandhian creed of *on-violence. We must thank Mr. Eajagopalachari for having practised the other part of the creed, namely, truth/ It is almost impossible for even the most skilled observer to discover when, Gandhi is sincere and when he is not. His mind is c jungle of contradictions and complexes in which the explorer is soon hopelessly lost. Maybe that is his intention. If, in the course of a long career, one makes a sufficient number of violently con- flicting statements, one can always look up the files and say, 'I told you so.' Which is what Gandhi does, whenever he is in, a ' tight corner.1 However, let us give him the benefit of the doubt, and assume that there are occasions when he actually means what he says. We are still faced with the incontrovertible fact that what he says invariably leads, directly or indirectly, to Fascism. Consider his economic 6 policy,' if it can be dignified by such a term. It begins, ends, and has its entire being in the ckarkha... the spinning wheel, which is linked in his mind with the con,- ception of "non-violence/ If only the peasants will weave their own cloth, in their own homes, and go on weaving it, and accept the most intolerable impositions of the rich Hindu landlords with non-violence, then all will be well. All the economic evils of India will disappear and Swaraj will be automatically won. If any man were to preach such moonshiixe in any other country but India he would be regarded, not as a statesman, or un economist, but as a low comedian. The doctrine of charkha is * For some of hia more startling volte faces, read the chapter entitled * Gandhi's Professions and Performance* in the Muslim League publication Nationalism in Conflict.